|Project Name||Transboundary Water Management in Central Asia|
|Project Opening Date||24 Oct 2014|
|Project Closing Date||31 Dec 2017|
|Responsible International Financial Institution||German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)|
|Responsible Executive Agencies||
State Committee for Water Resources and Amelioration of the Kyrgyz Republic
Sustainable regional water management
Central Asia is a region with scarce water resources, and is particularly hard hit by the effects of global climate change and the chronic overuse of its existing reserves. At the same time, the economies of the five Central Asian states are closely interconnected due to their shared use of the waters of the two major rivers, Syr Darya and Amu Darya, and of other transboundary rivers.
Lacking alternatives, the water-rich countries on the upper reaches of the rivers (Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan) rely heavily on hydropower for energy production in winter, while the downstream countries (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) use water mainly to irrigate agricultural land in the summer. This situation is becoming difficult because of inappropriate water management practices on the part of the users. The environmental disaster of the Aral Sea is emblematic of the precarious water situation in the region. Scarcity of resources, inappropriate management and disparate interests are all factors that make the distribution of water in Central Asia into a major source of potential tensions.
|Source of Funding||
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
|Amount of Funding||
11 722 774 Euro
In cooperation with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and representatives of all five Central Asian states, the programme has developed proposals for ways of strengthening the institutional capacity of the Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (EC IFAS).
In an inclusive and comprehensive project, EC IFAS and the five states, as well as GIZ, UNECE and other representatives of the international donor community have collectively devised a scheme to improve water management across the Aral Sea Basin. This was the Third Aral Sea Basin Programme, which has since been approved by all five states. Building on this success, the reform process is now being pushed forward in order to consolidate the existing institutional capacities.
Successfully completed pilot projects in all five countries have helped optimise water use, and have thus contributed to improved living conditions in the region.
|Contact Information of International Financial Institution|
|Organization/Department||Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH|
|Name||Dr. Volker Frobarth|
|Address||96-6 Toktogul str.|
|Phone||+996 (312) 906 526|
|Contact Information of Project Implementer|
|Organization/Department||State Committee for Water Resources and Amelioration of the Kyrgyz Republic|
|Address||4a Toktonalieva Str., Bishkek|
|Phone||+996 (312) 549 087|